The objective of this study was to evaluate the alternative economic uses of animal manure and willingness ·to pay for it among horticultural producers in Morogoro Municipality, Tanzania. Specifically, the study aimed to

(i) characterize manure production, disposal and use practices;

(ii) analyze the costs and benefits associated with alternative manure use practices and

(iii) determine the socio-economic factors that influence willingness of horticultural farmers to pay for manure in the study areas.