Like many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Tanzania's once successful family planning program has slowed markedly, with rates of contraceptive prevalence well below levels needed to reach current demand and country goals.

In 2009, to help Tanzania reach its target of 60 percent contraceptive prevalence by 2015, the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MOHSW) engaged FHI 360 and the PROGRESS project to serve as the secretariat for developing a National Family Planning Costed Implementation Program (NFPCIP).